Litz Wire Sec + 100kV 20
From: D.C. Cox [SMTP:DR.RESONANCE-at-next-wave-dot-net]
Sent: Tuesday, June 02, 1998 7:36 PM
To: Tesla List
Subject: Re: Litz Wire Sec + 100kV 20
Our tests were conducted with 8 in and 20 in dia tubes. I believe there
was either 36 or 40 strands in the wire we used. The spark length did not
change much but the spark was slightly hotter (brighter) with the Litz wire
but not enough to bother with the additional costs for Litz wire unless you
have an application requiring peak currents for an experiment.
The longest discharge from your 8 in dia coil would depend also a lot on
the power level, cap size ---- all which really depends on the size toroid
on your secondary coil. A 20 x 5 toroid should work well with this system
running at around 3-4 kva with perhaps 16 or 18 AWG on the sec coil form.
An aspect ratio of 4:1 or 5:1 (length to dia ratio) should provide good
performance. This would begin to be the borderline for reliable
performance (read -- not breaking down a lot) with heavy formvar magnet
wire. Above this level we switch to 3 kV PVC (MIL Spec D) wire for all of
our machines and have good results without breakdowns over years of daily
> From: Tesla List <tesla-at-pupman-dot-com>
> To: 'Tesla List' <tesla-at-pupman-dot-com>
> Subject: Litz Wire Sec + 100kV 20
> Date: Monday, June 01, 1998 10:19 PM
> From: Dale Hall [SMTP:Dale.Hall-at-trw-dot-com]
> Sent: Monday, June 01, 1998 1:38 PM
> To: Tesla List
> Subject: RE>Litz Wire Sec + 100kV 20
> RE>Litz Wire Sec + 100kV 20ma Xfmr + Stuff
> DC Cox, R. Hull,
> In your tests w/Litz; what was largest dia Sec ? how many strands of what
> AWG ? Anyone tried Litz on Pri (would require Cpri tune) ?
> I'm about ready to wind an 8" dia Sec (~31" long) and have a large
> Litz, enameled, and teflon insulated wire available of all AWG's.. so
> and or type will produce the longest discharges ?
> Sunday I spotted a stack (~40) of 20 gal what appeared to be HDPE empty
> containers approx 24" dia by ~48" high (smoothe straight sides) with
> handles outside a re-cycle wharehouse (no $ avail yet), so I began
ontemplating winding two andstacking for a larger Sec coil and
> Anyone else interested ?
> Sat swapmeet (TRW - Redondo Beach) there was a 2kW 100kV 20ma
> xfmr for $150. The seller had removed the xfmr from its container due to
> weight of the oil :( (may still have the container) . It was in excellent
> two pri windings looked ~#12 awg, core was a loop mounted on a 2'x2"
> Al plate, all windings on one side with lots insulation in sectioned
> Contact me if anyone is interested.
> Other stuff: 60A variac for $150, Vacuum switch 50A 20-40kV $40, lots of
vacuum variable caps up to 300 pF and 10kV $100-300 Contact me if anyone
> Date: 5/29/98 10:29 PM
> To: Dale Hall
> From: Tesla List
> From: D.C. Cox [SMTP:DR.RESONANCE-at-next-wave-dot-net]
> Sent: Friday, May 29, 1998 1:32 PM
> To: Tesla List
> Subject: Re: Litz Wire Secondaries
> to: Richard
> We did a lot of experiments with Litz wire and found very little change
> output spark -- the current was increased only 20% with Litz wire. It
> work better on an 833 vacuum tube coil with a 4 inch dia. sec coil --
> output increased 30% overall. Rich Hull told me he noted similar results
> with his magnifier systems -- Litz wire had very little effect on output
> except to increase current slightly not potential.
> > From: R M Craven [SMTP:craven-at-globalnet.co.uk]
> > Sent: Thursday, May 28, 1998 6:36 PM
> > To: Tesla List
> > Subject: Litz Wire Secondaries
> > Apologies if this topic has been done to death, but I haven't seen much
> > discussion regarding resonator losses.
> > We've talked about dielectric losses in the secondary former, but has
> > compared a Litz wound secondary with a solid core secondary? Litz
> > of 20 strands of 38 AWG provides optimal performance between say 50 kHz
> > a couple of hundred kHz, but I don't know how much higher the Q would
> > (ignoring loading effects etc of toroid, corona etc).
> > I have recently finished (thank God) making my big coil winding machine
> > which will take forms upto about 24" diameter. I wound a quick
> > secondary (ABS former, 0.71mm magnet wire) so if i can find some
> > overall diameter Litz, I might give it a go at comparing the
> > both under instrumentation conditions and also at power.
> > Richard Craven, Malvern, England