Em 03/02/2014 07:46, Udo Lenz escreveu:
I have two primary circuits that I can use with my secondary and driver. One has high impedance, 5 nF and 58 uH, and another has lower impedance, 22 nF and 14 uH. With the first system I don't have breakout at the secondary. Tuning the system between the resonances, without feedback, the measured output current shows a series of complete beats, with slowly decreasing amplitude. With the nominal design for 10 cycles for a full current beat, I see two beats with 10 cycles with the driver set to produce between 10 and 20 cycles (energy going out and back in). With 30 to 40 cycles I see four beats. With 50 to 60 cycles I get six beats, and so on. The amplitudes of the beats decay slowly due to losses. This agrees with a linear model. If I tune the driver at the resonances, I get ramps of increasing current until breakout occurs. A breakout point results in essentially the same behavior, with small streamers with the tuning between the resonances and longer streamers with tuning at both resonances. Too long bursts don't increase the streamers beyond a limit, due to detuning. With the low-impedance primary there is an important change. Tuning between the resonances I get breakout easily. If I just extend the burst length I see that the primary current increases as a kind of ramp after a first beat, and streamers grow with burst length up to a limit caused by detuning. If I tune at the resonances, I get less impressive results and much larger primary current. So far I am confirming my idea that tuning between the resonances leads to a more efficient drsstc, even with breakout and longer bursts than the minimum. But the voltage peak at the end of the first current beat must be enough to start significant streamers.Yes, measurements indicate that capacitive and resistive arc loads are roughly of equal magnitude, i.e. a phase lead of about 45 degrees ofarc current to arc voltage. For fast growing arcs it is more like 60 degrees.
Surely. But the energy stored in the primary circuit without current beats is mostly wasted. I am still insisting on at least a first beat, extracting the energy in the primary circuit to start streamer formation, as happens in a conventional Tesla coil.Maximum output voltage is not necessarily decreased. More energy in theprimary tank leads to a higher magnetic field if the geometry isn't changed.That would imply more secondary voltage.
The question of arc length versus voltage is indeed difficult. Arcs of shorter duration need more voltage for a given length. Also I believe, that higherTC frequencies require less voltage but more power.
The question of the effect of frequency is also obscure.About the problems of my coil, I made a better GDT, but the performance was practically the same. My complicated idea of a GDT with a center-tapped primary is complicating my driver (The idea is similar to what is used in PC power supplies to drive a half-bridge of bipolar transistors). The strange 1 MHz oscillation persists, but appears only when sparks are drawn. The oscillations occur between a pair of bursts, and not always. Something as |-------|ooooo|-------|-------|ooooo|-------... (|=burst, o=oscillation, -=wait time). A ferrite core in the bridge output suppresses the oscillations, but the driver output voltage becomes quite strange. Probably the oscillation occurs just when I connect the oscilloscope. I am seing also high-frequency oscillations in the bridge output voltage when energy returns (free-wheeling diodes conducting).
Antonio Carlos M. de Queiroz _______________________________________________ Tesla mailing list Tesla@xxxxxxxxxx http://www.pupman.com/mailman/listinfo/tesla