[Date Prev][Date Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next][Date Index][Thread Index]
Re: Flat coils & undamped waves
Original poster: "Gary Peterson" <g.peterson@xxxxxxxxxxxx>
Original poster: "Lau, Gary" <Gary.Lau@xxxxxx>
Why is flat coil geometry significant in this . . . context?
There doesn't seem to be anything special about the flat spiral
secondary within the context of generating undamped waves. The
flat-spiral resonator was used early on in Tesla's wireless
transmission research, and although he hung on to the thing, it can
be seen from later patents and other sources that, for transmitters
at least, the design was largely replaced by single-layer helically
In speaking about the C/S magnifying transmitter Tesla said,
". . . [the production of] a circuit which would give me,
with very few fundamental impulses, a perfectly contin-
uous wave . . . came with the perfection of the devices.
When I came to my experiments in Colorado, I could
take my apparatus like that and get a continuous or
undamped wave, almost without exception, between
In other words, by configuring a disruptive discharge Tesla coil RF
transmitter in a way that production of electromagnetic radiation or
"radio waves" is minimized, then the damping factor is made small and
the amplitude diminishes only slightly between primary
impulses. Because of this Tesla felt comfortable characterizing the
wave form as being undamped, "almost without exception."
Perhaps I'm not understanding something correctly . . .
Yes, I suggest that you go back and look at the excerpts once again.
. . .Vacuum tube Tesla coils and some non-disruptive solid-state
coils do generate CW, or undamped waves, but Tesla lacked the
technology to do this using active devices.
Better yet, go ask your local librarian to obtain the book NIKOLA
TESLA ON HIS WORK WITH ALTERNATING CURRENTS AND THEIR APPLICATION TO
WIRELESS TELEGRAPHY, TELEPHONY, AND TRANSMISSION OF POWER : AN
EXTENDED INTERVIEW, Leland I. Anderson, editor, Twenty First Century
Books, 2002, for you through Intra Library Loan (ILL)and then read
through it a few times.
Did he couple a mechanical high frequency alternator into a matching
resonant transformer, to boost the voltage
and produce a true CW Tesla coil? Was resonant-rise involved?
Yes, keeping in mind that the perfected alternator had, "a certain
small number of [widely spaced] poles," that was rotated at, "an
enormous speed," and generated, "sudden impulses which would produce
the same effect as the [primary] arc discharge in [the] so called
"Tesla transformer."" In addition to the alternator there was an
associated mechanism assuring the AC power supply's output was
precisely constant in frequency. You may be aware of Tesla's U.S.
Patent "Electric Generator," No. 511,916, Jan. 2 1894 for the
production of isochronous oscillations. Furthermore, he could
convert the AC to DC,
". . . This dynamo, you see, is a two-phase machine;
that is, I develop from it currents of two-phase. Now,
there are four transformers, you see them down here,
that furnish the primary energy. From these two phases
I develop four phases. This involves something else
which I have referred to before; namely, an arrangement
which enables me to produce from these alternating
currents direct currents and undamped -- absolutely
undamped -- isochronous oscillations. . . ." [p. 64]
In other words, he could charge the primary condenser bank using
direct current, and then discharge it using a high-speed rotary break
and in that way produce, "absolutely undamped waves."
"The arrangement was simply this. I had a number
of studs with cups which were insulated, 24 if I recollect
rightly. In the interior was a mechanism that lifted the
mercury, threw it into these cups, and from these studs
there were thus 24 little streamlets of mercury going out.
In the meantime, the same motor drove a system with 25
contact points, so that for each revolution I got a product
of 24 times 25 impulses, and when I passed these im-
pulses through a primary, and excited with it a secondary,
I got in the latter complete waves of that frequency. . . .
I would get . . . 60,000 primary impulses, and in the
secondary a frequency of 60,000 complete cycles. The
primary impulses were unidirectional. They came from
the direct current source, but in the secondary they were
alternating -- full waves. . . . They were entirely persistent.
I had 60,000 per second absolutely undamped waves;
they could not be damped." [pp. 77-80]
. . . Perhaps vagueness was his intent?
I can appreciate that Tesla's thoughts might be difficult to grasp
with his words ripped out of context as I have done. I'm certain
that he was doing his very best to be clear.